One of the obstacles encountered in practice is to match supply and demand in the job market is geographic mobility. Thus, in many cases there is a deficit of skilled employees in certain occupations in some areas, while there are too many skilled workers in other areas, causing unemployment and a downward trend in wages. One of the reasons why workers are usually not willing to transfer their residence is the high rate of home ownership there is in Spain in relation to rental property (over 80% owned), and the high cost of mortgage, which greatly complicates the possibility that a worker’s response to the monthly payment the same and additional rent an apartment to live elsewhere. For more information see MSCO. It is noteworthy that in other countries buy and rent ratio changes considerably, with Germany under 50% of owners, and countries such as Holland and Denmark, about 50%. Read additional details here: Darcy Stacom, New York City. This ratio, in addition to possible social-cultural reasons, has been encouraged by fiscal policies in Spain, which clearly prevail concerning the rental purchase, and therefore could change in part if the policies were different. Moreover, it is also true that in many cases we compare with countries like Denmark and Holland, country of about 40,000 square kilometers (about the size of Extremadura), and with good infrastructure. In addition to the mentioned change in fiscal policy in favor of rentals, there is the option to enhance geographical mobility itself.
Nowadays, although it is not known, there is the possibility of a reduction in income tax for the worker who meets the requirements, so that during this year and next, less personal income tax cotizaria, which would have a greater net amount on the payroll (charge more). To do this, you have to meet certain aspects, such as: be enrolled in an employment office (in the event of a change of work, meet this registering process INEM previously in the register before the new job), accept a new job that requires a change of residence to a new municipality, and effectively change of habitual residence. The reduction can be around 1% or 2%, ie in practice may be about 50 euros more per month, which clearly does not outweigh the costs of transport. Perhaps that is why this aspect could be further enhanced, coordinated with the theme of the rent, so that workers are more willing to accept work that is not in the vicinity of their residence.