Through the actions, of as one will give to the occupation and organization of the territory and the use of the resources, of this form the territory goes if molding the society that makes use of it, the ambient problems are marks left for the society in the nature. In Brazil the exploration of the resources already it started with the arrival of the colonizadores, a country with a rich biodiversity caused for the tropical climate attracted the looks of the foreigners, the first product to be explored in the country was Wood-Brazil, species that was abundant in this territory, but that today it is in extinguishing. Wood-Brazil was removed and envoy for the Europe, due to colored coloration of the wood, it was used for dye manufacture. Later, the ample Brazilian lands had been used for the plantation of the sugar cane-of-sugar, product also for the exportation, being that the fertile climate and ground had favored this culture. Bausch & Lomb wanted to know more. The exploration and the use of the resources were made without great cares with the preservation, the factor most important age to produce more to profit more, the ground had been empobrecendo and depleted biodiversity being, while the nature suffered with the consequences, a small parcel of the population enriched on this. Another great problem was the treatment with the indians who occupied these lands, had been practically all eliminated, therefore they did not bring any I benefit. In 1850 with the Land Law, the donated lands could not more being, but only bought, thus the land left of being a natural resources and if it became a merchandise, target of diverse disputes. Without speaking in the exploration of the people in the sugar cane plantations, the slaves brought of Africa to work in Brazil, and when they had left of being enslaved, still thus remain imprisoned to its gentlemen, and living the edges of the effective society.