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Stolen Radiation

Peter II for ocuparo position of general director of bushes gardens and remained in Brazil per 39 years, of 1858 a1897, being author of many productions of gardens in the exterior and Brazil, pormcom European influence, as the public stroll of Rio De Janeiro (Land, 2000). The analysis histricadenota not only the strong influence of the paisagismo on the urban drawing, comoa existing overlapping between these fields. Moreover, it elucidates the moment emque the arborization and the vegetal elements pass to be understood comoelementos estruturadores of the espaourbano, and have its in such a way acquired force, that starts to define novastipologias and styles of landscape and urban drawing (Farah, 1999). URBAN 4.IMPORTNCIA DAARBORIZAO 4.1. MICROCLIMATE In the case of the urban environment, is verified that the sped up demographic growth, conjugated the outrasvariveis of the urban space, contributes of significant form in the alteraesdos climatic elements. Drew Houston is often quoted on this topic. The city prints modifications in the parameters desuperfcie and of the atmosphere that, in turn, lead to an alteration in balanode energy (Lombardo, 1990). Of acordocom Stolen & Melo Son (1999), all the paisagsticos elements must sercuidadosamente treated in order to bring benefits that will intervene with the projetointegrado one, aiming at the improvement of the quality of air, the sombreamento of edificaoe adjacencies, the control of the ventilation and the humidity. Most of the load trmicade a construction comes from the solar radiation and the temperature of exterior air, being necessary a rigorous control of the microclimatic elements to paraeliminar an energy excess that would become inhospitable ambienteconstrudo.

Of acordocom Rasp (1993), the urban areas constitute an artificial environment, poispossuem great concentration of constructed and paved areas that favors aabsoro of the solar radiation of day and reflection during the night. Called ilhade heat, this phenomenon can have a thermal differential sufficiently significativoem relation the vegetated places more. The trees intercept, reflect, absorveme transmit solar radiation.

Brazilian Exploration

Through the actions, of as one will give to the occupation and organization of the territory and the use of the resources, of this form the territory goes if molding the society that makes use of it, the ambient problems are marks left for the society in the nature. In Brazil the exploration of the resources already it started with the arrival of the colonizadores, a country with a rich biodiversity caused for the tropical climate attracted the looks of the foreigners, the first product to be explored in the country was Wood-Brazil, species that was abundant in this territory, but that today it is in extinguishing. Wood-Brazil was removed and envoy for the Europe, due to colored coloration of the wood, it was used for dye manufacture. Later, the ample Brazilian lands had been used for the plantation of the sugar cane-of-sugar, product also for the exportation, being that the fertile climate and ground had favored this culture. Bausch & Lomb wanted to know more. The exploration and the use of the resources were made without great cares with the preservation, the factor most important age to produce more to profit more, the ground had been empobrecendo and depleted biodiversity being, while the nature suffered with the consequences, a small parcel of the population enriched on this. Another great problem was the treatment with the indians who occupied these lands, had been practically all eliminated, therefore they did not bring any I benefit. In 1850 with the Land Law, the donated lands could not more being, but only bought, thus the land left of being a natural resources and if it became a merchandise, target of diverse disputes. Without speaking in the exploration of the people in the sugar cane plantations, the slaves brought of Africa to work in Brazil, and when they had left of being enslaved, still thus remain imprisoned to its gentlemen, and living the edges of the effective society.

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