Clarifies that they must include all the procedures and techniques that have been detailed to photography as a means of fixing.4 – Which is the anthropometric identification?Anthropometric identification is the Treaty of the proportions and measurements of the human body. It is the systematized measure and make observations on the human body, skeleton, skull and other organs, using appropriate and scientific methods. The breadth of their observations and measurements this limited only by the nature of problems applies to which, consequently, rules, divisions, measures and indexes have all times conventional character. Anthropometry is not a science but rather than a simple technique should be considered as an end but as a means. David Karp is actively involved in the matter. This technique is practiced mainly for the identification of living persons, when there are photographs of the alleged responsible of a lawful, any detainee or missing person or is required to compare photographs of a person.Anthropometry requires certain conditions: a – each measure must correspond to a precise character be selected carefully so that it is able to express numerically and unequivocally a dimension that has positive interest.b – measures should be comparable with those taken with other researchers, therefore it is necessary that there is a uniform technique, with rigorous definition of the points limits of each measure, with the exact description of the same and identical designation for each.c – good technique involves good instruments, that is, built ad hoc instruments.5 – Which is the radiographic identification?X-rays are part of forensic science, positive identifications can be established to compare the skeleton antemortem and postmortem radiographs. As a rule at least two technical radiografias.utilizando are required radiographic, can be classified as scientific and specific positive identifications.In the scientific method is a database that contains the configuration of the skeletal system that will be analizado.este type of studies focuses on variations of the frontal sinuses, mastoid processes and Sella turcica.and in the method specific serve to compare features found in the x-ray plates taken corpses, with someone who will have to disappeared.x-rays also are helpful to determine if there are bones in charred remains and if there are plates antemortem, in this way it is possible to identify a victim.6 Brief summary about the spoken portrait?the spoken portrait is an artistic discipline through which elaborates is portrait or face of a missing person or whose identity is ignored. the physiognomic data provided by witnesses, individuals who knew or had to view who is described are taken as a basis. There are several expert features of the spoken portrait that influence the final result of the drawing, which avoids confusion, directs research, located geographically, rebuilt as a tool of anthropology and projected individualized physical characteristics of chronological order of the characteristics of a subject..
Today totally it is demonstrated that certain substances, as the nicotine or the tar and the carbon monoxide are dangerous for the health. The cancerigenic and irritating compounds of tar are responsible for the respiratory pathology of the smokers, whereas the nicotine and the carbon monoxide are responsible for the increase of the cardiovascular risk. Against the consumption of other drugs the drogodependencia of the smoked tobacco presents/displays in addition a serious disadvantage, since, not only mine the health of the users, but also, of the people of the surroundings, who involuntarily inhale the smoke of the tobacco. Most of the smoke that inhales the smokers liabilities comes from the call second class current that is originated when the cigarette, pure or pipe is consumed by itself without mediating aspiration of the smoker. The analysis of the second class current has shown current that the concentration of certain cancerigenic substances is far beyond the found one in the main current or of smoke that is generated when the smoker aspires and who he circulates through cigarette until arriving at the mouth.
On the other hand, it has been possible to need that a passive smoker that one is exposed to the smoke of the tobacco during one hour, can get to yes inhale the amount equivalent to the consumption of two or three cigarettes, depending that, of the amount of environmental smoke and the ventilation of the premises. All this means that in certain cases the passive smoker can be exposed to the action of amounts superiors of injurious components of the tobacco to which the own active smoker is exhibited. One calculates that in Spain there would be about five million nonsmokers who passively inhale an amount of minimum smoke equivalent as to the consumption of three to six cigarettes. Concentrating in the relation passive tobacco addiction and cancer, some recent works have shown that the children of parents smokers present/display a risk of suffering cancer a 50 percent greater than the children of parents nonsmokers. Unquestionably, the passive smoker who undergoes the whip of the tobacco more is without a doubt the boy who is forming in the maternal cloister. He does a few of years have begun to blow ” new aires” without tobacco smoke, and, against all odds, the application of the Law Antitabaco has started up. The smokers liabilities hope that with the announced hardening of this Law ” arrives; air prometido” , after more than five centuries of submission to the tobacco smoke, and, that is respected the right to breathe air noncontaminated with tobacco smoke in places public and the labor scope. Although, as the poet said: ” The end/is not known until final”.